Tempat ke-3 INOVASI ANTARABANGSA I-CET2018, KUCHING, SARAWAK
THE METHOD OF SpeEd SELITUK IN INCREASING POTENTIAL PRONUNCIATION AND READING FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION NEED PUPILS
NOOR ZALINA ZALINA BT ZAINAL ABIDIN
Sekolah Kebangsaan Gong Badak,
21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu
NIK ZATUL IFFAH BT N MOHD NABIL
Sekolah Kebangsaan Jalan Enam,
43650 Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor
MUHAMAD AZIZI BIN JAZMI
Sekolah Kebangsaan Bandar Rinching,
43500 Semenyih, Selangor
An effective learning is a combination of or one that fits seven student learning styles (Howard Gardner, 1991). “SpeEd SELITUK” (Pronounce, Observe and Tap for Special Education) is an innovative product that stimulates multiple senses and helps to overcome the pronunciation and reading problem amongstudents with special educational needs (SSEN). “SpeEd SELITUK” has been able to attract attention and increase concentration as well as observation of SSEN in teaching lesson.
“SpeEd SELITUK” combines musical elements and therapies while playing in teaching lesson. Students place “SpeEd SELITUK” board in front of them. Vowel or syllable cards are placed in front of the mirror. Students pronounce the vowels while observing their mouth movements in the mirror. The pronunciation and viewing process is followed by a tap according to a predetermined rhythm. It is designed by using an A4 size box and contains tools such as mirrors, whiteboards, tapping tool, vowel cards, syllable cards, colored dough, whistle and “traffic light” cards. Mp4 player tools and reward charts can be included as supporting tools.
The concept of recognizing the letters is not easy especially for students with learning disabilities. Research suggests that a child’s knowledge of the alphabet is one of the best predictors of his or her success in early reading (Betty, 2009). The use of mirror helps students and teachers to see the pronunciation and reversal of the image of the letters to assist students’ observation, especially “dyslexia” students. The mirror also allows students to see the movement of the lips and articulation tools properly. Meanwhile, the rhythmic tap method was created to focus and stimulate the senses during the words spelling. The tap allows students to spell and pronounce the syllables correctly which can increase students’ concentration during the lesson.
Steps in Implementation
Station A: SpeEd SELITUK (with teacher)
Pupils will be guided by teachers to pronounce and read the words in front of the mirror with the correct pronunciation. Pupils are trained to pronounce the vowel in front of the mirror by moving lips and articulation in the right way. SENP listen to a vowel song and the teacher guides pupil to tap the tapping tool according to the rhythm of the song played by the teacher. They sing the song in front of the SpeEd SELITUKmirror while tapping the tapping tool according to the rhythm of the song. The teacher will be able to listen and correct the students‟ pronunciation. SENP will pick at random a vowel card, puts the card on the whiteboard in front of the mirror and pronounce the vowels while tapping it. Students who successfully pronounce the vocal letters will be rewarded with tokens and they will continue to read other words.
Station B: Answering the worksheet (writing)
SENP labels pictures with correct syllables. (This station will be assisted by Student Assistance). At this station, SENP will use the acquired knowledge to practice reading and labeling pictures with correct syllables. Students are trained to carry out self-directed learning that requires students to check answers based on the answer cards provided by the teacher (Pupils who respond correctly will be rewarded with watching an educational video).
Station C : The game ‘Play dough Word’
At this station, pupil will take the word cards, put in front of the mirror, pronounce the word and knead the dough to form the words on the reading card. Game therapy elements are used to improve the kinesthetic psychomotor of SENP. SENP will enjoy and have fun in learning while playing Speed SELITUK. This activity encourages students‟ engagement (Refer Figure 7 & 8)
Station D : The Cak-Cak Tum Game
This involves read and combine syllables, arrange syllables into the correct sentences and re-read the merged sentences. A total of five sentences need to be merged and read by students. Activities are continued by reading verses containing syllables using reading cards or handbooks provided. Students who are successful in reading are rewarded with economic tokens. Their readings will be recorded and played to their friends. The system of economic rewards succeeds in controlling student behavior. Changing reward tokens to an activity that is interesting like watching educational video, playing kinetic sand or dough and video recording of pupils doing activities has been able to motivate students to perform tasks very well and quickly.